They settle much of the region growing maize, tobacco, yucca plants, and cotton. He explores the northern coast and claims Cuba for Spain.
These neolithic cultures utilised ground stone and shell tools and ornaments, including the dagger -like gladiolitos, which are believed to have had a ceremonial role. These people had migrated north along the Caribbean island chain.
Initially, they settled at the eastern end of Cuba, before expanding westward across the island. They also grew cotton and tobaccoand ate maize and sweet potatoes. According to History of the Indians, they had "everything they needed for living; they had many crops, well arranged".
Columbus, who was searching for a route to India, believed the island to be a peninsula of the Asian mainland. All were of palm branches, beautifully constructed". After a prolonged guerrilla campaign, Hatuey and successive chieftains were captured and burnt alive, and within three years the Spanish had gained control of the island.
Ina settlement was founded in what was to become Havana. According to his account, some three thousand villagers had traveled to Manzanillo to greet the Spanish with loaves, fishes and other foodstuffs, and were "without provocation, butchered".
One such reservation was Guanabacoawhich is today a suburb of Havana. The scheme was not a success, however, as the natives either succumbed to diseases brought from Spain such as measles and smallpoxor simply refused to work, preferring to slip away into the mountains.
However, these new arrivals followed the indigenous peoples by also dispersing into the wilderness or dying of disease. The Spanish were shown by the natives how to nurture tobacco and consume it in the form of cigars.
There were also many unions between the largely male Spanish colonists and indigenous women. Modern-day studies have revealed traces of DNA that renders physical traits similar to Amazonian tribes in individuals throughout Cuba,  although the native population was largely destroyed as a culture and civilization after Under the Spanish New Laws ofindigenous Cuban were freed from encomienda, and seven towns for indigenous peoples were set up.
An association of indigenous families in Jiguani, near Santiago, is also active. Slavery in Cuba The Spanish established sugar and tobacco as Cuba's primary products, and the island soon supplanted Hispaniola as the prime Spanish base in the Caribbean.
African slaves were then imported to work the plantations as field labor. However, restrictive Spanish trade laws made it difficult for Cubans to keep up with the 17th and 18th century advances in processing sugar cane pioneered in British Barbados and French Saint-Domingue Haiti.
Spain also restricted Cuba's access to the slave tradewhich was dominated by the British, French, and Dutch. One important turning point came in the Seven Years' Warwhen the British conquered the port of Havana and introduced thousands of slaves in a ten-month period. Another key event was the Haitian Revolution in nearby Saint-Domingue, from to Thousands of French refugees, fleeing the slave rebellion in Saint Domingue, brought slaves and expertise in sugar refining and coffee growing into eastern Cuba in the s and early 19th century.
In the 19th century, Cuban sugar plantations became the most important world producer of sugar, thanks to the expansion of slavery and a relentless focus on improving the island's sugar technology.
Use of modern refining techniques was especially important because the British Slave Trade Act abolished the slave trade in the British Empire but slavery itself remained legal until the Slavery Abolition Act Cubans were torn between desire for the profits generated by sugar and a repugnance for slavery, which they saw as morally, politically, and racially dangerous to their society.Cuba: Cuba, country of the West Indies, the largest single island of the archipelago, and one of the more-influential states of the Caribbean region.
The domain of the Arawakan-speaking Taino, who had displaced even earlier inhabitants, Cuba was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain in It. The introduction of communism to the country in has had a big impact on the people, both positive and negative.
Cuba's history is reflected in its . According to Cuba’s national statistical agency, the country’s gross domestic product in was billion pesos – which, depending on which exchange rate one uses, could equate to anything from $ billion (at the official rate of 1 convertible peso to $1) to $ billion (at the internal rate of 24 regular pesos to 1 convertible.
More information about Cuba is available on the Cuba Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-CUBA RELATIONS The United States seeks a stable, prosperous, and . Cuba: Cuba, country of the West Indies, the largest single island of the archipelago, and one of the more-influential states of the Caribbean region.
The domain of the Arawakan-speaking Taino, who had displaced even earlier inhabitants, Cuba was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain in It. Cuba country profile Cuba has survived more than 40 years of US sanctions intended to topple the government of Fidel Castro.
It also defied predictions that it would not survive the collapse of its one-time supporter, the Soviet Union.