These ideas were transmitted beyond the confines of the classical polis as the Greek city-states came under the suzerainty of larger kingdoms after an initial Macedonian conquest at the end of the fourth century B. C; those kingdoms in turn were eventually conquered and significantly assimilated by the Roman republic, later transmuted into an empire.
It tries to discover the nature of truth and knowledge and to find what is of basic value and importance in life. It also examines the relationships between humanity and nature and between the individual and society. Philosophy arises out of wonder, curiosity, and the desire to know and understand.
Philosophy is thus a form of inquiry--a process of analysis, criticism, interpretation, and speculation. The term philosophy cannot be defined precisely because the subject is so complex and so controversial.
Different philosophers have different views of the nature, methods, and range of philosophy. The term philosophy itself comes from the Greek philosophia, which means love of wisdom. In that sense, wisdom is the active use of intelligence, not something passive that a person simply possesses.
The first known Western philosophers lived in the ancient Greek world during the early 's B. These early philosophers tried to discover the basic makeup of things and the nature of the world and of reality. For answers to questions about such subjects, people had largely relied on magic, superstition, religion, tradition, or authority.
But the Greek philosophers considered those sources of knowledge unreliable. Instead, they sought answers by thinking and by studying nature. Philosophy has also had a long history in some non-Western cultures, especially in China and India. But until about years ago, there was little interchange between those philosophies and Western philosophy, chiefly because of difficulties of travel and communication.
As a result, Western philosophy generally developed independently of Eastern philosophy. The Importance of Philosophy Philosophic thought is an inescapable part of human existence. Almost everyone has been puzzled from time to time by such essentially philosophic questions as "What does life mean?
Even a person who claims that considering philosophic questions is a waste of time is expressing what is important, worthwhile, or valuable.
A rejection of all philosophy is in itself philosophy. By studying philosophy, people can clarify what they believe, and they can be stimulated to think about ultimate questions.
A person can study philosophers of the past to discover why they thought as they did and what value their thoughts may have in one's own life.Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology.. Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong.
These theories 'describe how development is shaped by the resolution of developmental tasks that occur in chronological sequence throughout the life cycle' (Creamer and Creamer, , p. 18). All of these theorists established a particular number of stages which .
I think it depends on if you take a broad view of "philosophy." My philosophy professor used to say that philosophy asks two questions: "What is true?" and "What is right?".
I ask myself those questions everyday in a business context (e.g. "Are these sales figures accurate?", "Given our sales, where should we invest next?").
of life forms, and indeed the De anima is not so much a study of human nature as it is the foundational treatise in Aristotle’s long sequence of biological works.
The project of reconciling Aristotle and Christianity, however, important as it.
The Importance of Philosophy in Human Life Posted In: Philosophers have developed a number of theories in metaphysics. These theories include materialism, idealism, mechanism, and teleology. and philosophical analysis, have been influential chiefly in the United States and Great Britain.
a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning empiricism, empiricist philosophy, .