Flag of the Arab Leagueused in some cases for the Arabic language Flag used in some cases for the Arabic language Flag of the Kingdom of Hejaz — Arabic usually designates one of three main variants: In practice, however, modern authors almost never write in pure Classical Arabic, instead using a literary language with its own grammatical norms and vocabulary, commonly known as Modern Standard Arabic MSA.
However, it is the nearest to the original archetype, 'Ursemitisch', from which all these tongues are derived. Arabic, as we know it today, developed from the language of the Quraysh the Prophet Muhammad's tribethe purest and the best evolved of the North Arabian dialects.
Today, it is the most widely used Semitic tongue, surpassing all the others in its wealth of synonyms, harmonious patterns, concision, clarity and eloquence.
It has succeeded in bringing out the potentialities of the Semitic family of speech to a higher stage of development than any of its kindred tongues - most of which are now dead or almost dead. Modern Arabic has not undergone significant phonological or syntactical change in its literary form.
Even though there are a myriad of dialects in the Arab-speaking world, fusha, a simplified version of Qur'anic Arabic, unites the people. It is the written language Arabic writing styles all Arab lands, used in newspapers, schools, television and radio.
The Arabic alphabet is simple and concise. It has 28 letters, all consonants - with the exception of three used for long vowels. The other vowels are supplied by 14 diacritical marks which also serve as noun and verb modifiers.
These are placed above or below the consonants to bring out Arabic writing styles correct pronunciation of the words. As to the Arabic script, there is still some dispute as to when it was developed. Some writers indicate that its origin can be traced back to some 4, years, but well established archaeological records only go back to the 4th century A.
Early after the advent of Islam, Arabic writing evolved into two types of scripts. Kufic, developed in the Iraqi city of Kufah, has now largely been discontinued except for architectural design purposes. It lends itself admirably to ornamentation and is still employed extensively in art and construction throughout the Islamic world.
The second, called Naskhi, a cursive script transcribed in a great variety of artistic styles, originated in Mecca and Medina. Noted for its beauty, it is the ancestor of modern Arabic writing and exists today in many complex and decorative patterns.
Both forms are noted for their elegance and artistry, lending themselves to the creation of exquisite aesthetic works. In the 7th century, Arabic, immortalized in the language of the Qur'an, and Islam became inseparable. As the Muslim armies moved through North Africa, then through the Iberian Peninsula and eastward, from the Arabian heartland, to the heart of Asia, the tongue of the Arabs as a part of the new religion, spread like wildfire.
The masses of newly-converted Muslims, in many cases, took as their own the idiom of the conquering desert men.
In a few decades, it became a leading world language and the intellectual medium which united most of the civilized world. The spectacular conquests of the Arab armies made Arabic the language par excellence of Islam and the Qur'an, and the only suitable tongue with which a Muslim could approach God.
No one who became a Muslim could escape, at least, some use of Arabic. Neither Greek, Latin nor any other language ever attained world stature as did classical Arabic - a language well-suited to interact with other idioms. Joel Carmichael in his book The Shaping of the Arabs writes: Arabic loses on translation but all other languages gain on being translated into Arabic.
By the eleventh century Arabic was widely spoken and written by all cultivated Muslims from the heart of China to the borders of France, displacing the old literary languages like Aramaic, Coptic, Greek and Latin.
It became the language of art, culture, the intellect, science and technology of the entire scholastic world, aiding in the establishment of an Islamic civilization which was to become one of the greatest the world had ever known.
In addition, not long after the early conquests, the Arabic script began to be adopted by the languages of the people who had been converted to Islam. In a few centuries, Kurdish, Persian, Pashto, Turkish, a number of tongues in the Indian sub-continent; and languages like Berber in North Africa and Spain began to utilize the Arabic script.
Soon its embracement by a great number of non-Arab Muslim tongues formed a cultural boundary which demarcated the Islamic world from other lands.Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.
In most languages, writing is a complement to speech or spoken attheheels.comg is not a language, but a tool used to make languages be read. Within a language system, writing relies on many of the same structures as speech, such as vocabulary, grammar, and semantics, with the added.
Arabic Calligraphy: Naskh Script for Beginners [Mustafa Ja'Far] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The first stroke-by-stroke guide ever produced for learning to write Naskh, one of the six major cursive Arabic scripts. Its origins can be traced back to the late eighth century AD and it .
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