Ben Kim on Apr 16, Natural Health Solutions Never a comfortable topic to discuss, but it's good to have some idea of what to try if you or a loved one ever experiences hardened stool that won't come out on its own.
History of the petroleum industry in Canada oil sands and heavy oil The exploitation of bituminous deposits and seeps dates back to Paleolithic times. Bitumen has been found adhering to stone tools used by Neanderthals at sites in Syria.
After the arrival of Homo sapienshumans used bitumen for construction of buildings and waterproofing of reed boatsamong other uses.
In ancient Egypt, the use of bitumen was important in preparing Egyptian mummies. The area along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was littered with hundreds of pure bitumen seepages. The Mesopotamians used the bitumen for waterproofing boats and buildings.
In Europe, they were extensively mined near the French city of Pechelbronnwhere the vapour separation process was in use in Naturally occurring bitumen is chemically more similar to asphalt than to coal tar, and the term oil sands or oilsands is more commonly used by industry in the producing areas than tar sands because synthetic oil is manufactured from the bitumen,  and due to the feeling that the terminology of tar sands is less politically acceptable to the public.
Fur trader Peter Pond paddled down the Clearwater River to Athabasca insaw the deposits and wrote of "springs of bitumen that flow along the ground.
In Robert Bell of the Geological Survey of Canada commented, "The banks of the Athabasca would furnish an inexhaustible supply of fuel Inchemist Karl Clark of the Alberta Research Council began experimenting with methods to extract bitumen from the oil sands and in he patented the first commercial hot water separation process.
The bitumen from the mine had numerous uses but most of it was used to waterproof roofs. Costs were too high and Fitzsimmons went bankrupt. In the company was renamed Oil Sands Limited and attempted to iron out technical problems but was never very successful.
It went through several changes of ownership and in closed down permanently. The plant burned down in late but was rebuilt in with even larger capacity. In the Canadian government took control of the Abasand plant under the War Measures Act and planned to expand it further.
However in the plant burned down again and in the Canadian government abandoned the project because the need for fuel had diminished with the end of the war.
The Abasand site is also an Alberta Historic Site.
The geology of the deposits in the two countries is generally rather similar. The sands are saturated with oil which has prevented them from consolidating into hard sandstone. List of countries by proven oil reserves The magnitude of the resources in the two countries is on the order of 3.
Oil in place is not necessarily oil reservesand the amount that can be produced depends on technological evolution.
Rapid technological developments in Canada in the — period resulted in techniques such as steam-assisted gravity drainage SAGD that can recover a much greater percentage of the OOIP than conventional methods.
Venezuela estimates its recoverable oil at billion barrels 42 billion m3. Major deposits[ edit ] There are numerous deposits of oil sands in the world, but the biggest and most important are in Canada and Venezuelawith lesser deposits in Kazakhstan and Russia.
The total volume of non-conventional oil in the oil sands of these countries exceeds the reserves of conventional oil in all other countries combined.
Vast deposits of bitumen — over billion cubic metres 2. These deposits represent plentiful oil, but not cheap oil.There are many benefits of coconut oil for dogs being discovered, even though it was not recommended in the past.
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In the Financial Independence Club, we’ve got a little shortcut that goes by names like “The 4% rule”, or “The 4% Safe Withdrawal Rate”..
or simply “The SW. In some parts of the world, the word "to eat" literally means "to eat rice." All varieties of rice are available throughout the year, supplying as much as half of the daily calories for half of the world's population.
Throughout history, cows have produced milk for human sustenance, (even before agriculture was developed).
Today cows produce the majority of milk consumed by people. The reason why cows are the number 1 milk source in the world is because they excel at producing milk. We’re consuming up to 25 times more omega-6 fat than we need, and too much omega-6 is contributing to the epidemic of modern, inflammatory disease.