Persuasive Messages - Reducing Resistance The next element in writing persuasive messages or requests is reducing resistance. As mentioned in a previous post regarding gaining attention, your request or proposal may be met with strong resistance.
Naturalism Is True, Theism is Not Method If we want all our beliefs to be more likely true than false, then we must proportion our beliefs to the Opening statement elements. So if our reasons to believe are few and unreliable, our confidence should be low, and if our reasons to believe are many and reliable, our confidence should be high, with an appropriate continuum between.
That means if we have no reason to believe something, then we should not believe it, and if we have much better reasons to believe something than we have not to, then we should believe it.
Basic Argument for Naturalism BAN The cause of lightning was once thought to be God's wrath, but turned out to be the unintelligent outcome of mindless natural forces.
We once thought an intelligent being must have arranged and maintained the amazingly ordered motions of the solar system, but now we know it's all the inevitable outcome of mindless natural forces.
Disease was once thought to be the mischief of supernatural demons, but now we know that tiny, unintelligent organisms are the cause, which reproduce and infect us according to mindless natural forces.
In Opening statement elements after case, without exception, the trend has been to find that purely natural causes underlie any phenomena. Not once has the cause of anything turned out to really be God's wrath or intelligent meddling, or demonic mischief, or anything supernatural at all.
The collective weight of these observations is enormous: A horse that runs a million races and never loses is about to run yet another race with a horse that has lost every single one of the million races it has run. Which horse should we bet on? The answer is obvious.
That's the basic argument for naturalism. Naturalism N is the belief that there is nothing supernatural.
Carrier Naturalism CN is a variety of N. If N is true and all observed phenomena are explained by CN, then there is no reason to believe anything in addition to what is countenanced by CN, and therefore no reason to believe in any NMore.
If N is true and every kind of phenomenon entailed by CN is observed, then there is no reason to believe anything less than CN, and therefore no reason to believe any NLess. I assert that N is true and that all observed phenomena are explained by CN, and every kind of phenomenon entailed by CN is observed.
We should believe CN unless we find a very compelling reason not to, since we should not believe any proposition established on less reliable methods that contradicts a proposition established on more reliable methods. Moreover, CN is currently the only worldview implied by all the findings of the most reliable methods of science, history, and critical investigation.
We should believe any proposition that follows from the findings of more reliable methods over any proposition that follows from the findings of less reliable methods. CN is the only worldview that follows from the findings of the most reliable methods.
Therefore, we should believe CN. I shall assume only P2 will be challenged. That P2 is true follows from the fact that all claims and phenomena that have been thoroughly investigated, using the best methods available to us for ascertaining the truth, have verified and conformed to CN, without any confirmed exception despite hundreds of years of searching, involving countless observations by countless qualified experts.
Yet things did not have to turn out that way. If these most reliable methods had turned up abundant, or indeed any confirmed evidence of the supernatural, then we would have to believe supernaturalism unless we found very compelling evidence to the contrary.
And had that happened, then N would have a much greater burden of proof before it would ever be reasonable to believe it. However, things turned out quite the opposite, so it is any supernatural worldview that bears a greater burden of proof than CN, enough to refute P2.
So if P2 is not successfully refuted in this debate, BAN stands. Basic Argument to Naturalism as the Best Explanation BANBE If E constitutes a small collection of things we know to be true, and B constitutes all other things we know to be true, such that the sum of E and B constitutes everything we know to be true, then I assert that CN explains E better than any known alternative, and that no known alternative explains B better than CN.
And if that is true, then we have more reason to believe CN than any alternative. By "better" here I mean in the formal sense explained below.
If any worldview W explains E better than any other known worldview, and we know of no other worldview that explains B better than W, then we have more reason to believe W than any other known worldview. CN explains E better than any other known worldview, and we know of no other worldview that explains B better than CN.
Therefore, we have more reason to believe CN than any other known worldview.
BT basic theism is another known worldview. Therefore, we have more reason to believe CN than we have to believe BT.Advanced Trial Handbook Closing Arguments Discussed.
The closing argument is one of the most important parts of a trial, as the entire trial leads up to the summation. Opening Statement Examples The following are examples of opening-statement comments that courts have found improper: A defense attorney said that the defendant had offered to take a polygraph test in or to prove that he was innocent.
A preview statement, also known as a thesis statement, comes near the beginning of an essay or speech and gives the audience a preview of the material's content. Occasionally additional preview statements are used later in the content to provide transitions and prepare the audience for upcoming material.
If there is an element of a grand opening that is a must it would definitely be food. Almost every grand opening has some kind of food or light refreshments. There are two main options when it comes to food – do it yourself or have it catered.
Techniques and strategies for writing position papers, as well as their elements. Your Study Guides and Strategies starts here! Home. An educational public service Writing Position Papers Write a position paper to.
Refer to the first paragraph/opening statements as well as the main points. Sci-fi epics are hard. Sure, when they hit the perfect spot they can become incredibly beloved, but the right blend of hero’s journey, imaginative world building, and out-of-this-world stakes have to be juggled.