Canals[ edit ] The navigations, canals, roads and railways of Manchester Beforeroads were an impractical way of transporting heavy goods and water transport on the rivers was the accepted method.
It was the site of the Roman era fort of Mamucium or Mancunium which gave its name to Manchester. It was the terminus of the Bridgewater Canalthe world's first industrial canal, built in ; the oldest canal warehouse opened in The world's first passenger railway terminated here inat Liverpool Road railway station  and the first railway warehouse opened here in The Rochdale Canal met the Bridgewater Canal at Castlefield in and in the s they were linked with the Mersey and Irwell Navigation by two short cuts.
In the two viaducts of the Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway crossed the area and joined each other, two further viaducts and one mainline station Manchester Central railway station followed.
Castlefield was designated a conservation area in and the United Kingdom's first designated Urban Heritage Park in It is a contracted version of the earlier name Castle-in-the-field. Another name for the area was Campfield, which derived from the same source.
Manchester also derived its name from the fort. Port in Old English could refer to a harbour or a market so the names could be old and new market.
Another road branched off to the north to Bremetennacum Ribchester. When it was rebuilt aroundit was again of turf and timber construction. Two altars have been found and there may be a temple of Mithras at the site.
A word square was discovered in the s that may be one of the earliest examples of Christianity in Britain. An area which has a concentration of furnaces and industrial activity has been described as an industrial estate.
Medieval and early modern periods The village of Manchester later became established a kilometre to the north and the area around the vicus became known as "Aldport" or "The Old Town".
The Bridgewater Canal company hesitated in connecting their canal the adjacent Mersey and Irwell Navigation until the Rochdale Canal Company had almost constructed its Manchester and Salford Junction Canaland the railways had arrived in the s.
As the century progressed the canals gave way to the railways and the area became dissected by a network of railway lines carried on a series of multi-arch viaducts. Though Castlefield did have cotton millsit was the engineering works and warehousing that was more noticeable.
The first canal warehousebuilt in on Coal Wharf, was used to raise coal from the barges to street level, and store other goods. In the nineteenth century the warehouses assumed other functions such as trans-shipment which involved receiving trains or barges, and reassembling their loads to be shipped to other destinations.
Other warehouses received raw materials such as yarn, which was collected by outworkers who then returned woven cloth. The later warehouses acted as showrooms on the ground floors, with offices and storage above and behind.
In the area was designated as an Urban Heritage Park and a part of the fort was reconstructed on the excavated foundations.
Granada Television studios are located in the area along with the now closed Granada Studios Tour. In it was reported that ITV were considering re-opening the tour as the company is searching for new forms of revenue to restore growth.
Castle Quay is the home of radio stations Key and Piccadilly Magic Planning permission to turn the empty Jackson's Wharf building into a modern five-storey block of flats by the Peel Group was rejected for a second time in Peel subsequently decided to sell the building and it is now a gastropub.
This can be seen in the exposed river cliffs around the Castlefield basin, and provides a solid foundation for multistorey buildings and also an easily workable rock for cutting culverts and tunnels.Castlefield is one of three-dozen listed viaducts on the inventory of British Railways Board (Residuary) - its owner and maintainer.
Predominantly wrought iron, it is a through lattice girder design of around m in length, comprising eight spans. English: Castlefield Viaducts. The nineteenth century railway viaducts at Castlefield. Also in the photograph are the Bridgewater Canal, Castlefield Basin and the many modern apartment blocks that have appeared as the area has been "regenerated".
Summary Castlefield is an area so rich in British history that in the UK declared it an Urban Heritage Park. This was the first such designation of its kind, and should at least pique your curiosity enough to pay an exploratory visit.
Nov 20, · Purchase a t-shirt featuring the image of Victorian Railway Viaducts Castlefield Canal Basin Castlefield Deansgate Manchester England by Michael Walters.
Available in sizes S - XXL. Each t-shirt is printed on-demand, ships within 1 - 2 business . Castlefield is in the southern area of the Manchester City Centre.
The area was a brownfield site and had declining warehouses, mills, offices, contaminated land, unpleasant railway viaducts, unkempt waterways, the Bridge Water Canal and the Liverpool Road Railway Station.
Overview Of Manchesters Castlefeild Viaducts History Essay ABSTRACT The Castlefield viaducts form a part of the city’s fascinating network of transport infrastructure, which includes canals, waterways, .