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Negatively, attitudes of racialculturalreligious and civilization superiority of the colonizers over the colonized that developed, often as a justification for political domination during the colonial era, continue to impact the lives of many people in the world today, informing how people in the rich North view those in the poorer South as well as minorities within the South of migrant origin. On the other hand, the colonial legacy is also one of close linguistic and cultural links between people across the globe. It has brought humanity together as members of a global community. Colonialism played a crucial role in helping to crease consciousness of an inter-dependent world community, in which responsibility for the welfare of all and for the health of the planet is shared by everyone.

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The word comes from the ancient Greek paidagogos, a compound comprised of "paidos" child and "agogos" leader. While the term is often used to mean the art of teaching in general, some prefer to make the distinction between pedagogy teaching children and andragogy teaching adults.

Doctor of Pedagogyis awarded by some American universities to distinguished educators. The term is also used with earned degrees to denote an emphasis on education within a specific field for instance, a Doctor of Music degree "in piano pedagogy".

The History of Pedagogy in Education From the very beginning, educators have tried to find interesting ways to bring out the possibilities of intelligence and a love of learning from their pupils.

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The advent of writing circa B. In ancient Greecephilosophy helped questions of educational methods enter national discourse. In both Republic and Dialogues, Plato advocated a system of instruction using the Socratic method of teaching through questions.

Since the time they launched their first school inthe Jesuits believed that a high quality education is the best path to meaningful lives of leadership and service. The Jesuits adapted available educational models while developing their own pedagogical methods to become the "schoolmasters of Europe.

This method aims to support teachers to be the best teachers, motivates students by personalizing their learning experience, and stresses the social dimension of both learning and teaching. Underlying the educational process in its entirety is the religious dimension, for the ultimate purpose of such education is considered to be the discovery of God.

Known as the "Father of Modern Education," Comenius believed in a holistic approach to education. He taught that education began in the earliest days of childhood and continued throughout life, and that learning, spiritual, and emotional growth were all woven together.

Unlike most of society at the time, he also advocated the formal education of women. Well respected throughout northern Europe, he was asked to restructure the Swedish school system. Within his novel, Rousseau described the importance of having a focus on both environment and personal experience.

Different learning stages are described: His educational method emphasized the importance of providing a loving, family -type environment in which the child can grow and flourish naturally, balancing their intellectual, physical, and technical abilities, with emotional, moralethicaland religious growth.

Pestalozzi asserted that education should be centered on the child, not the curriculum.

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Since knowledge lies within human beings, the purpose of teaching is to find the way to unfold that hidden knowledge. Pestalozzi proposed direct experience as the best method to accomplish this, advocating spontaneity and self-activity, in contrast to the rigid, teacher-centered, and curriculum-based methods generally used in schools.

He advocated an inductive method, in which the child first learns to observe, to correct its own mistakes, and to analyze and describe the object of inquiry. In order to allow children to obtain more experience from nature, Pestalozzi expanded the elementary school curriculum to include geography, natural science, fine art, and music.

He recognized the importance of play in order to allow their creativity to unfold and blossom. His school included a large room for play, as well as a garden outside for the children to grow flowers and other plants.

Thus, he developed the kindergarten—a "garden for children" where they could grow naturally, with support from their parents and teachers. Based on his views of philosophywhich were based on a philosophical realismand psychologythat all mental phenomena result from the interaction of elementary ideas, Herbart believed that a science of education was possible.

In his work Universal PedagogyHerbart advocated five formal steps in teaching, [5] which were translated into a practical teaching methodology: In their place, new pedagogical theories, such as those of John Dewey in the United States, which freed the child from what had become a controlled learning environment, grew in popularity.

The idea of a science of education, including psychology as a source of information about the nature of the learner as well as the learning process, has continued to advance teaching methods.

Learning Theories and Pedagogy The importance of psychology in understanding the interest, abilities, and learning processes of students, has become an integral part of theories of education.

Theories of learning have been developed to describe how people learn; these theories aid in the development of various pedagogical approaches.

There are three main perspectives in educational psychology: BehaviorismCognitivismand Constructivism. Behaviorism Behaviorisma term coined by American psychologist John B. Watsonis based around the idea of a stimulus-response pattern of conditioned behavior.

One of the most famous experiments in classical conditioning was performed by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov. By introducing the sound of a bell before placing food in front of a dogPavlov was able to create a conditioned response in the dog where the dog would salivate at the ringing of the bell alone.

Some of the most important developments in behaviorism, especially as it relates to pedagogy, occurred in the mid-twentieth century with the work of B.Colonialism is the extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler colonies or administrative dependencies in which indigenous populations are directly ruled or displaced.

Colonizing nations generally dominate the resources, labor, and markets of the colonial territory, and may also impose socio-cultural, religious and linguistic.

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Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Day 1(*) Unit: Anglo-Saxon/Old English. 1. (*)Print out your grading sheet for the first quarter or use the Excel version.

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(*)Print out your grading sheet for the first quarter or use the Excel version. Vocabulary. 1. Keep a vocabulary notebook and/or notecards for terms you will be learning about. Pedagogy, literally translated, is the art or science of teaching modern day usage, it is a synonym for "teaching" or "education," particularly in scholarly attheheels.comhout history, educators and philosophers have discussed different pedagogical approaches to education, and numerous theories and techniques have .

Pedagogy - New World Encyclopedia