There's no human endeavor that can't be improved with a little creativity, and social work is no exception. While social workers can draw upon any number of talk therapy techniques to help their clients, there are times when talk isn't helpful or can't be summoned. In such cases, the arts can open a back door to the psyche, drawing from individuals that which they cannot yet put into words, thus catalyzing subsequent therapeutic conversations. Creative arts therapies involve the use of the arts—visual art, music, dance and movement, drama, and poetry—to facilitate therapeutic goals.
The social conflict perspective, however, criticizes these approaches because they do not take into account the effect of social structures, social stratification, and class on patterns of aging.
Research has found that individuals from the upper classes tend to have better health and vigor and be less likely to be dependent in their later years than are individuals from the lower classes.
More affluent persons typically have better or even greater access to healthcare, consistent access to food and medication, and can afford to have the help they need for necessary everyday activities than less affluent persons. Research has also linked incidence of physical disease in older persons with their socioeconomic status.
However, contrary to the conflict perspective, the stigmatization of the aging and elderly occurs not Social work theories older adults in capitalist societies but in socialist ones as well. The social conflict perspective also tends to oversimplify the complex relationship between welfare benefits, economic growth, and the labor market for the aging population.
From the structural functionalist perspective, older people and society go through a period during which relationships are severed such as retiring from a job, decreasing community involvement, and reducing one's social networks.
According to disengagement theory, this process is good for both the individual and for society. Individuals are benefited because this disengagement allows them to focus on end-of-life concerns.
Society is benefited because it allows the next generation to take over the societal roles in a smooth manner that supports societal stability. In this view, aging and elderly individuals become increasingly disengaged from society, have reduced social roles, and become socially isolated.
Partially in reaction to this theory, the symbolic interaction perspective on aging advocates that social interaction and activity are good both for the individual and for society.
In activity theory, it is posited that older adults who remain the most active are the most well-adjusted. This theory posits that society benefits from older adults who continue to be contributing, valued members of society. From the point of view of activity theory and the symbolic interactionist perspective, older people need to continue to be active, although their social roles may change.
As opposed to being socially isolated, this view sees the elderly as continuing to be involved with others, and often creating new networks Schaefer, However, neither theory completely explains the reality of the sociology of aging and elderly adults.
Research findings about the positive effects of activity and social interaction well into later years have discredited disengagement theory to a large degree. Yet, activity theory, too, is not without its flaws. Although a great deal of research has been done that supports the positive relationship between social interaction and activity on the well-being of older adults, many of the details about why this occurs and under what conditions are still missing.
Social Conflict Theory Social conflict theorists also criticize both these theories because they fail to consider the impact of social structure on patterns of aging. For example, conflict theorists point out that neither disengagement theory nor activity theory explains why the level or type of social interaction needs to change in old age, and criticize these theories because they fail to take into account the effects of social stratification and class on elderly persons Turner, The Class Advantage In general, individuals who are in the upper classes have better health and vigor and are less likely to be dependent in their later years than are individuals from the lower classes.
Although death comes to everyone and money cannot put off this eventuality, more affluent persons typically have better access to healthcare, consistent access to food and medication, and can afford to have the help they need for necessary everyday activities e.
Further, working class individuals are often at higher risk for job-related injuries or illnesses that make their later years more difficult or even shorten their lives. Although more affluent older persons may not see any change in their life styles except those necessitated by health-related issues, less affluent people may have to learn to live within the constraints of a fixed income and depend heavily on Social Security and Medicare.
In the best of times, this is a less than ideal situation. However, in times of inflation and economic turmoil, this can be particularly difficult and seniors may find it a struggle just to pay for food, utilities, and the other necessities of life.
Conflict theorists also take note of the age stratification that can be observed in society. Older people are often the victims of ageism and unable to get jobs with the same income level as they had in their youth or forced to live on the fixed income from Social Security or a pension.
As a result, they often are reduced in social status. In general, conflict theorists see the elderly as being victims of social stratification and capitalism Turner, Further Insights Public Policy Although caring for one's elders has always been a social concern, it is becoming increasingly so now that the baby boom generation is reaching retirement age.
With modern improvements in medicine and health care, people are living longer than ever before. As ofpeople over years of age constitute the country's fastest-growing age group.SSA’s Social Work Practice with Older Adults Program is designed for professionals with post-graduate experience who want to enhance their knowledge about work with older adults.
Courses will provide information on contemporary theories and best practices in work with older adults and their families. “new” framework for social work practice with older adults.
Actively Aging. is a positive, realistic, strengths-based approach to working with older adults that combines WHO’s active aging framework with social work theories, values, and ethical principles. and. Oct 05, · Best Answer: The social work profession promotes social change, problem solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being.
Utilizing theories of human behavior and social systems, social work intervenes at the points where people interact with their attheheels.com: Resolved.
Because of financial, social, and other complications, some older adults feel they must remain in problematic homes or neighborhoods despite the desire to relocate. Often, older adults may find that social workers can assist them in assessing their options for relocation or home modification.
Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers School of Social Work Older Adults and Substance Abuse: A Program Evaluation Lisa LaCoursiere The previous estimates paint a startling image of the growing volume of older adults who will need social services in the near future. Theories, Theories and More Theories Sometimes you wonder just why you need to learn about theory.
Without a working knowledge of social work theories, like Erikson’s stages of development or Cass’ identity model for LGBTQ, behaviors are just behaviors.