Early history[ edit ] The concept of picking players and running a contest based on their year-to-date stats has been around since shortly after World War II. One of the earliest published accounts of fantasy sports involved Oakland businessman and one time Oakland Raiders limited partner Wilfred "Bill" Winkenbach. He devised fantasy golf in the latter part of the s. However, it was never organized into a widespread hobby or formal business.
Socio-political significance[ edit ] Major League Baseball gave print journalists a special role in its games. They were named official scorers and kept statistics that were considered part of the official record of league. Active sportswriters were removed from this role in The removal of writers, who could benefit fiscally from sensational sports stories, was done to remove this perception of a conflict of interestand to increase statistics volume, consistency, sports writer service fee accuracy.
Sports stories occasionally transcend the games themselves and take on socio-political significance: Jackie Robinson breaking the color barrier in baseball is an example of this. Modern controversies regarding the hyper-compensation of top athletes, the use of anabolic steroids and other, banned performance-enhancing drugsand the cost to local and national governments to build sports venues and related infrastructure, especially for Olympic Gamesalso demonstrates how sports can intrude on to the news pages.
Sportswriters regularly face more deadline pressure than other reporters because sporting events tend to occur late in the day and closer to the deadlines many organizations must observe. Yet they are expected to use the same tools as news journalists, and to uphold the same professional and ethical standards.
They must take care not to show bias for any team. In Europe[ edit ] The tradition of sports reporting attracting some of the finest writers in journalism can be traced to the coverage of sport in Victorian England, where several modern sports — such as association football, cricketathletics and rugby — were first organized and codified into something resembling what we would recognize today.
Andrew Warwick has suggested that The Boat Race provided the first mass spectator event for journalistic coverage. Cricketpossibly because of its esteemed place in society, has regularly attracted the most elegant of writers. The Manchester Guardianin the first half of the 20th century, employed Neville Cardus as its cricket correspondent as well as its music critic.
Cardus was later knighted for his services to journalism. One of his successors, John Arlottwho became a worldwide favorite because of his radio commentaries on the BBCwas also known for his poetry. The first London Olympic Games in attracted such widespread public interest that many newspapers assigned their very best-known writers to the event.
Such was the drama of that race, in which Dorando Pietri collapsed within sight of the finishing line when leading, that Conan Doyle led a public subscription campaign to see the gallant Italian, having been denied the gold medal through his disqualification, awarded a special silver cup, which was presented by Queen Alexandra.
And the public imagination was so well caught by the event that annual races in BostonMassachusetts, and London, and at future Olympics, were sports writer service fee staged over exactly the same, mile, yard distance used for the Olympic Marathonand the official length of the event worldwide to this day.
The London race, called the Polytechnic Marathon and originally staged over the Olympic route from outside the royal residence at Windsor Castle to White City, was first sponsored by the Sporting Life, which in those Edwardian times was a daily newspaper which sought to cover all sporting events, rather than just a betting paper for horse racing and greyhounds that it became in the years after the Second World War.
The rise of the radio made sports journalism more focused on the live coverage of the sporting events. The first sports reporter in Great Britain, and one of the first sports reporters in the World, was an English writer Edgar Wallacewho made a report on The Derby on June 6, for the British Broadcasting Company.
In France, L'Autothe predecessor of L'Equipe, had already played an equally influential part in the sporting fabric of society when it announced in that it would stage an annual bicycle race around the country.
The Tour de France was born, and sports journalism's role in its foundation is still reflected today in the leading rider wearing a yellow jersey - the color of the paper on which L'Auto was published in Italy, the Giro d'Italia established a similar tradition, with the leading rider wearing a jersey the same pink color as the sponsoring newspaper, La Gazzetta.
Sports stars in the press box[ edit ] After the Second World War, the sports sections of British national daily and Sunday newspapers continued to expand, to the point where many papers now have separate standalone sports sections; some Sunday tabloids even have sections, additional to the sports pages, devoted solely to the previous day's football reports.
In some respects, this has replaced the earlier practice of many regional newspapers which - until overtaken by the pace of modern electronic media - would produce special results editions rushed out on Saturday evenings.
Some newspapers, such as The Sunday Timeswith Olympic metres champion Harold Abrahamsor the London Evening News using former England cricket captain Sir Leonard Huttonbegan to adopt the policy of hiring former sports stars to pen columns, which were often ghost written.
Some such ghosted columns, however, did little to further the reputation of sports journalism, which is increasingly becoming the subject of academic scrutiny of its standards.
Many "ghosted" columns were often run by independent sports agencies, based in Fleet Street or in the provinces, who had signed up the sports star to a contract and then syndicated their material among various titles. These agencies included Pardons, or the Cricket Reporting Agencywhich routinely provided the editors of the Wisden cricket almanac, and Hayters.
Sportswriting in Britain has attracted some of the finest journalistic talents. Many became household names in the late 20th century through their trenchant reporting[ citation needed ] of often earth-shattering events that have transcended the back pages and been reported on the front pages: McIlvanney and Wooldridge, who died in Marchaged 75, both enjoyed careers that saw them frequently work in television.
During his career, Wooldridge became so famous that, like the sports stars he reported upon, he hired the services of IMGthe agency founded by the American businessman, Mark McCormackto manage his affairs. Glanville wrote several books, including novels, as well as scripting the memorable official film to the World Cup staged in England.
Investigative journalism and sport[ edit ] Since the s, the growing importance of sport, its impact as a global business and the huge amounts of money involved in the staging of events such as the Olympic Games and football World Cups, has also attracted the attention of investigative journalists.
The sensitive nature of the relationships between sports journalists and the subjects of their reporting, as well as declining budgets experienced by most Fleet Street newspapers, has meant that such long-term projects have often emanated from television documentary makers. Tom Bowerwith his sports book of the year Broken Dreams, which analyzed British football, followed in the tradition established a decade earlier by Andrew Jennings and Vyv Simson with their controversial investigation of corruption within the International Olympic Committee.
Jennings and Simson's The Lords of the Rings in many ways predicted the scandals that were to emerge around the staging of the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City; Jennings would follow-up with two further books on the Olympics and one on FIFAthe world football body.
Likewise, award-winning writers Duncan Mackayof The Guardian, and Steven Downes unravelled many scandals involving doping, fixed races and bribery in international athletics in their book, Running Scared, which offered an account of the threats by a senior track official that led to the suicide of their sports journalist colleague, Cliff Temple.
But the writing of such exposes - referred to as "spitting in the soup" by Paul Kimmagethe former Tour de France professional cyclist, now an award-winning writer for the Sunday Times — often requires the view of an outsider who is not compromised by the need of day-to-day dealings with sportsmen and officials, as required by "beat" correspondents.
The stakes can be high when upsetting sport's powers: One of the reasons cited was that the BBC had been too critical of the performances of the England football team. Dan Topolski was the first recipient of the William Hill Sports Book of the Year award inwhich has continued to reward authors for their excellence in sports literature.attheheels.com (formerly CBS attheheels.com and SportsLine USA) is an American sports news website operated by the CBS Interactive division of CBS Corporation.
It is the website for CBS 's CBS Sports division, featuring news, video, and fantasy sports games. A ghostwriter is hired to write literary or journalistic works, speeches, or other texts that are officially credited to another person as the attheheels.comities, executives, participants in timely news stories, and political leaders often hire ghostwriters to draft or edit autobiographies, memoirs, magazine articles, or other written attheheels.com music, .
N. Overfield Road Coolidge, AZ Phone: Helpful Links. Employee Email; Student Email; Blackboard; Compliments/Concerns. A fantasy sport (also known less commonly as rotisserie or roto) is a type of online game where participants assemble imaginary or virtual teams of real players of a professional attheheels.com teams compete based on the statistical performance of those players' players in actual games.
This performance is converted into points that are compiled and . Sports journalists and bloggers covering NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, MMA, college football and basketball, NASCAR, fantasy sports and more.
News, photos, mock drafts, game. Chris Sale returns as Red Sox clinch first postseason berth of MLB season with win over Blue Jays.