Purchase and deploy in airports a yes yes a Note that, even in the absence of a mandate, air carriers and other users can purchase and deploy certified and noncertified explosives-detection equipment in airports. FAA's Needs For all stakeholders, the most important aspect of the FAA's management plan is that it ensures that explosives-detection equipment, as manufactured and used in airports, will meet FAA performance specifications.
Purchase and deploy in airports a yes yes a Note that, even in the absence of a mandate, air carriers and other users can purchase and deploy certified and noncertified explosives-detection equipment in airports.
For the FAA, an additional concern is that the management plan and any associated quality standard, configuration-management tool, or performance-verification protocol associated with it must also be credible. A management plan that does not have the confidence of the stakeholders is unlikely to be deployed effectively and may not be successful in maintaining the baseline performance of explosives-detection equipment.
The management plan must also be flexible enough to handle changes in FAA certification standards. As the field of explosives-detection technology matures, and as threat types change, the FAA may need to modify their certification criteria to reflect changes in types i.
The FAA certification criteria may also need to be modified to become more representative of the performance required in airports. The implications of these changes for equipment being manufactured and for explosives-detection equipment already in the field are not clear.
For clarity, the FAA should specify what impact future changes in their certification criteria will have on the manufacture and operation of equipment certified under current certification criteria.
An ideal management plan would ensure both consistent manufacturing quality, resulting in an EDS that detects explosives as required, and effective incorporation of improvements in design and manufacturing, resulting in lower costs and better performance.
Manufacturers and potential buyers and users of explosives-detection equipment both international and domestic recognize the credibility associated with FAA certification. Explosives-detection equipment manufacturers, therefore, would benefit if the quality system and standard associated with FAA certification were also internationally recognized as credible.
The airports are responsible for providing a place for security checkpoints and for maintaining general airport security.
At the same time, the FAA should ensure that the manufacturers provide guidelines and procedures for maintenance, repair, and upgrade such that deployed equipment maintains suitable detection performance levels in the field.
The FAA and the end users should review these guidelines and procedures with the manufacturers until concurrence is attained between the FAA, the manufacturers, and the end users. With clear guidelines and procedures, the users could plan their maintenance schedules and expenditures as they do now for standard baggage-handling equipment.
This is a significant change from previous policy. Page 20 Share Cite Suggested Citation: The National Academies Press. The FAA, along with the equipment manufacturers, desires a management plan that fosters the development of a market for explosives-detection equipment that provides for continual improvement in cost and performance.
However, regulation may conflict with the need to continually make changes and improvements to equipment. Conflicts are inevitable between regulators and those they regulate.
With an appropriate management plan, however, the FAA may be able to identify these conflicts early and resolve them with input from all stakeholders. It will also facilitate changes believed to be desirable by the FAA.
In the last case, there will surely be an inquiry to determine if the explosives-detection equipment that serviced the flight were operating properly, and it may lead to a period of high threat levels until the cause of the incident is understood.
In all three cases it may be beneficial to archive data collected by automated EDSs for a limited period of time e. These crisis situations, in which the need to protect the traveling public will be paramount, demand that the capabilities of explosives-detection equipment be well understood and verifiable.
This might be achieved through the adoption of a management plan for the equipment that includes the following aspects: Page 18 Share Cite Suggested Citation:Stakeholder needs in the business analysis are similar to business needs in that they also collect and describe information about business goals, strategies, objectives, targets, and key concerns about successes, challenges, issues, risks, and problems.
In a corporation, as defined in its first usage in a internal memorandum at the Stanford Research Institute, a stakeholder is a member of the "groups without whose support the organization would cease to exist". The theory was later developed and championed by R.
Edward Freeman in the s. Since then it has gained wide .
Use stakeholder analysis to meet the needs of all interested parties Stakeholder analysis will help you determine the various stakeholder groups, their needs, and how you will satisfy their needs. Stakeholder Needs The selection of a treatment type will depend on a number of site-specific parameters relating to the job, and also the need to balance the requirements of all relevant stakeholders.
Identifying and Analyzing Stakeholders and Their Interests. Chapter 7 Sections. Section 8.
Identifying and Analyzing Stakeholders and Their Interests; The Tool Box needs your help to remain available. Stakeholder management for marshaling support for the effort, especially for advocacy or policy change.
The stakeholders' actions over the life cycle of the explosives-detection equipment are shaped by the needs of the stakeholders in aviation security and are affected by new detection technologies, changing threats, and economic uncertainties.