Stalin and the Great Terror: Initially, it was believed that Joseph Stalin ordered his killing. Earlier in the year at elections for the Central Committee, Kirov supposedly received significantly fewer negative votes than Stalin did, thereby demoting Stalin from General Secretary to simply Secretary.
Stalin regarded Kirov as a serious enemy, especially when he formed an anti-Stalin group. Stalin wasted no time allowing people to believe it was he who had Kirov murdered. They agreed to accept responsibility in return for a light sentence.
Inthey were retried and both condemned to death. As is seen in the cases of Kamenev and Zinoviev, Stalin left no room for opposition within his party. Whether a party member was truly a threat or not, Stalin left no room for contemplation.
He simply nipped the perceived problem in the bud through murder. It extended to people like the kulaks, and many nationalities faced harsh deportations.
He even purged the Red Army at a time in which the Soviet Union was engaged in international conflict. Because Stalin was not diagnosed during his life, we can never be sure. Although Stalin likely displayed the signs of mental illness at all points in his life, the period of the Great Terror greatly exaggerated these symptoms, which is why this guide covers that period specifically.
This guide first includes biographical information on Stalin and background information on The Great Terror. It then includes a primary source diaries of a Stalin physician and supporting web articles. It mentions the issues he faced during his childhood including smallpox, a deformed arm, and an extremely dysfunctional family.
It then quickly summarizes how he ascended to General Secretary. There is also a brief explanation of his purges which began within the party but extended to ordinary people too. It is organized by categories including childhood and early years, rise to power, and purges and mass murders.
The Great Terror Soviethistory. It hits important points including the show trials of Lev Kamenev and Grigorii Zinoviev following the murder of Sergei Kirov.
Service makes clear by the end of this chapter that Stalin meant to leave no one in doubt about the consequences of rebellious behavior. From Tsarism to the Twenty-First Century. Harvard University Press, In his diaries he claims that Stalin had a mental illness.
Mental illness in Stalin has been hard to prove, but these diary excerpts that were kept hidden sincehelp back up the theories of those who believe Stalin did suffer from mental illness.
The only problem with this source is that it includes only excerpts not the entire diary, which could not be found online. The following online news stories explain in English!
The author, Raymond Birt, explains that paranoia often begins during childhood in a situation in which the child feels both dependent on and threatened by the father.
Stalin indeed experienced this situation with his drunken and abusive father. Birt claims his behavior while in power is indicative of a paranoid need to protect his narcissistic ego from external threats. It is easy to understand and makes a strong case for mental illness in Stalin.
The author, Betty Glad, claims that each show grandiosity, underlying insecurity, cruelty, and ultimately flawed reality. Glad applied a series of tests to the behaviors of these tyrants. She says Stalin clearly had a basic inferiority complex, and any sort of criticism was a threat to him.
One theory is that Stalin was a manic depressive that was out of touch with reality and lacking constructive ambitions.
In this essay by Robert C. Tucker studies the theory of totalitarianism, specifically by looking at the cases of Hitler and Stalin. Both leaders demonstrated psychiatric conditions which would be designated as paranoid.
Tucker says that their needs as paranoidal people were powerful motivating factors in dictatorial decision making and were not confined to their personal lives. A Source Book, edited by Barbara Kellerman, University of Pittsburgh Press, This is a helpful source because it gives another explanation to contrast those which claim Stalin did have some type of mental disorder.2.
How did the Great Purge demonstrate Joseph Stalin’s paranoia? a. The purge targeted those who might challenge Stalin’s power. b. Stalin used the purge to strengthen the Communist Party/5(7). One key reason other than Stalin’s personal paranoia for the Purges was to cleanse the party of careerists, yet dissidents and doubters were also at risk.
The purges have their origins in the situation in the communist party immediately after collectivisation. Was Stalin’s paranoia the driving force in the creation of the purges, or was Stalin merely pushed by his obsession with power?
|Stalin's Purges - HISTORY||Most of these factors do link back to Stalin however but not directly because of his paranoia, more his obsession with gaining and maintaining absolute power in Russia. In addition, there were economic problems that led to external opposition to the party meaning that strict control was necessary in order to maintain power as a majority of the population did not agree with the implementation of collectivisation and the Five Year Plans in the s.|
|Stalin's Daughter Defects||Defected to the U. Tue Nov 28,|
|Stalin's Purges – Russiapedia Of Russian origin||It is largely acknowledged that during his command the number of Russians who were killed as a result of his commands was in the region of 20 million.|
|Stalin’s Purge and Its Effects on World War II | Guided History||They grew from his paranoia and his desire to be absolute autocrat, and were enforced via the NKVD Communist Secret police and public 'show trials'.|
|To What Extent Were the Purges Caused by Stalin's Paranoia? - New York Essays||
Words Economic Problems There was a great deal of opposition to Stalin’s economic policies in the s, and it can be argued that this . Just as Stalin's nature led to the Purges, growing from Bolshevism, Yezhov's nature led to the Yezhovschina growing from the Purges.
Stalin did not initiate the Purges because of a desire to make economic scapegoats or unify the country in foreign policy opinion, but whilst the Purge occurred he seized these opportunities. Joseph Stalin’s tenure as the Soviet Union’s head of State is remembered largely for his domestic policies like the First Five Year Plan, but also his paranoia fueled purges of the Soviet people and the Communist Party.
This is yet another example of how the purges were not entirely due to Stalin’s paranoia as he was, this time reflecting his obsession with protecting Russia from the threat of invasion. Another factor that shows that the purges may have been carried out for economic reasons is the benefits they had for the government, as it was able to.