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USDA Nutrient Database Ziziphus mauritiana is a medium-sized tree that grows vigorously and has a rapidly developing taproot, a necessary adaptation to drought conditions. The species varies widely in height, from a bushy shrub 1.
The leaves are about 2. It is dark-green and glossy on the upper side and pubescent and pale-green to grey-green on the lower side. Depending on the climate, the foliage of the Z. The flowers are tiny, yellow, 5-petalled and are usually in twos and threes in the leaf axils.
The fruit is a soft, juicy, drupe that is 2. The form may be oval, obovate, round or oblong; the skin smooth or rough, glossy, thin but tough. The fruit ripen at different times even on a single tree. Fruits are first green, turning yellow as they ripen. The fully mature fruit is entirely red, soft, juicy with wrinkled skin and has a pleasant aroma.
The ripe fruit is sweet and sour in taste. Both flesh texture and taste are reminiscent of apples. When under ripe the flesh is white and crispy, acid to subacid to sweet in taste.
Fully ripe fruits are less crisp and somewhat mealy; overripe fruits are wrinkled, the flesh buff-coloured, soft, spongy and musky.
At first the aroma is apple like and pleasant but it becomes peculiarly musky when overripe. Ecology[ edit ] Ziziphus mauritiana is a hardy tree that copes with extreme temperatures and thrives under rather dry conditions with an annual rainfall of 6 to In Fiji, sometimes naturalised Ber trees grow along roadsides and in agricultural land, usually near sea level but occasionally up to an elevation of about m.
It also grows well on laterite, medium black soils with good drainage, or sandy, gravelly, alluvial soil of dry river-beds where it is vigorously spontaneous. In Australia, this species grows on a wide variety of soil types, including cracking clays, solodic soils and deep alluvials, in the tropics and sub-tropics where the average annual rainfall is in the range mm.
In the drier parts of this range, it grows best in riparian zones. Beyond this elevation trees do not perform well, and cultivation becomes less economical. Studies report that this species flourishes in alkaline soils with a pH as high as 9.
However, deep sandy loam to loamy soils with neutral or slightly alkaline pH are considered optimum for growth. In India, there are 90 or more cultivars depending on the habit of the tree, leaf shape, fruit form, size, color, flavor, keeping quality, and fruiting season.
Among the important cultivars, eleven are described in the encyclopaedic Wealth of India: The skin of most is smooth and greenish-yellow to yellow.
The flowers are protandrous. Hence, fruit set depends on cross-pollination by insects attracted by the fragrance and nectar.
Pollen of the Indian jujube is thick and heavy. It is not airborne but is transferred from flower to flower by honeybees.
Best propagates by seeds, seedlings, direct sowing, root suckers as well as by cuttings. Ber seeds are spread by birds, native animals, stock, feral pigs and humans who eat the fruit and expel the seeds.Rubber tree, (Hevea brasiliensis), South American tropical tree of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
Cultivated on plantations in the tropics and subtropics, especially in Southeast Asia and western Africa, it replaced the rubber plant in the early 20th century as the chief source of natural rubber.
About the Ber Tree or the Indian Jujube/Cherry. According to the field guide – Trees of Delhi – the Ber is a smallish, spiny tree with a short bole and crooked, twisting branches forming a dense, spreading crown.
The ber has been cultivated for its fruit in India for so long that no one quite knows where it was originally wild, but it is a fair guess that the .
Dukh Bhanjani Ber Tree: The Ber Tree - See 99 traveller reviews, 32 candid photos, and great deals for Amritsar, India, at TripAdvisor TripAdvisor reviews. 1. THE BER TREE Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana) is an economically important tropical fruit tree, which is grown all over the drier parts of the Indian subcontinent, Africa and northern Australia for its fresh fruits.
It is a particularly good tree to grow in dry regions, because it can withstand long periods of drought. At Bear Tree in Pittsburg NH is your all in one destination location. Lodging at Bear Tree's Lakeside or Woodland Cabins or our newest family member, The Glen at Bear Tree.
Enjoy fine dining at Murphy's Steakhouse and don't forget a perfect loction for your wedding or event. Ziziphus mauritiana, also known as Chinese date, ber, Chinee apple, jujube, Indian plum, Regi pandu, Indian jujube, dunks (in Barbados) and masau, is a tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae.